The latter could not be unambiguously attributed to management B

The latter could not be unambiguously attributed to management. Because this Protease Inhibitor Library manufacturer case study is exclusively based on neutral markers, the effect of ISS on the adaptive potential of the studied beech stand remains unknown. The study was part of the target developmental project V4-1140, financed by the Ministry of Agriculture and the Environment and co-financed by the Slovenian Research Agency (SRA), and of the Research Programme P4-0107 financed by the SRA. We would like to thank Melita Hrenko, Barbara Štupar and Marko Bajc

for their help in the laboratory and Igor Ahej, Peter Železnik and Matej Rupel for their help with the field work. We thank Tomaž Hartman, Gorazd Mlinšek, Andrej Breznikar and Matjaž Zupanič from the Slovenian Forestry Service for answering all our questions. We also thank Filippos Aravanopoulos, An Vanden Broeck and two anonymous reviewers for critical

reading and valuable comments on the manuscript. Open Access is supported by EUFORINNO REGPOT-2012-2013-1. “
“Budworms in the genus Choristoneura (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) that feed on conifers periodically experience population outbreaks that extend over large geographical areas in North America. Notable in Talazoparib molecular weight this regard is the western spruce budworm (WSB; Choristoneura occidentalis Freeman), a widespread and destructive defoliator in western North America ( Fellin and Dewey, 1982) that primarily feeds on Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca Beissn. Franco), but also on true firs (Abies spp.), Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmanni Parry ex Engelm.) and western larch (Larix occidentalis

Nutt.) ( Furniss and Carolin, 1977 and Fellin and Dewey, 1982). Repeated and/or sustained WSB outbreaks can result in large timber volume losses, stem defects, mortality primarily in understory trees, and regeneration delays due to budworm feeding on developing cones ( Alfaro et al., 1982, Fellin and Dewey, 1982, van Sickle et al., 1983, Alfaro NADPH-cytochrome-c2 reductase and Maclauchlan, 1992, Hadley and Veblen, 1993 and Maclauchlan and Brooks, 2009). Since the early-1900s documented WSB outbreaks in the Douglas-fir forests of British Columbia (BC) has resulted in the defoliation of over 5.6 million hectares (Maclauchlan et al., 2006). Despite the fact that Douglas-fir is one of the most commercially valuable conifer species in BC, attention to WSB outbreak dynamics has primarily been confined to the southern interior of the province (Harris et al., 1985 and Maclauchlan et al., 2006) where tree-ring studies show that over the last 500 years WSB outbreaks have occurred repeatedly, with a mean return interval of approximately 33 years (Campbell et al., 2006 and Alfaro et al., 2014).

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>