The choice of a particular silvicultural system for a Inhibitor Library production forest depends on a host of factors, economic and ecological, of which economic considerations
are paramount. In most countries of Southeast Asia where commercial logging is undertaken, some form of selective felling as opposed to a uniform system is adopted with the aim of conserving stock for future use. The impact of logging on the population structure of tree species depends strongly on the degree of disturbance and the intensity of logging (Ho et al., 2004). The threat to genetic diversity posed by commercial logging is correlated with the abundance of a species in a particular forest management unit (Wickneswari et al., 2000, Wickneswari et al., 2004 and Wickneswari and Boyle, 2000). Tree density of a species can therefore be a useful indicator reflecting risk to genetic viability rather than simply the overall disturbance level based on reduction in basal area of all trees (Lee et al., 2002a and Lee et al., 2002b). Ng et al. (2009) showed that species with different breeding systems (outcrossing vs.
apomictic reproduction) are affected differently by the same logging intensity, with impacts to outcrossed species being lower compared to apomicts. Since mating and gene flow patterns tend to be similar in species with similar ecological characteristics (Turner, 2001), Sunitinib molecular weight information collected on the most important commercial species may be applied to related more minor ones in informing management approaches. Currently, about 31% of tropical forest in Latin America remains intact, and 55% of this is Brazilian forests. Although forest management operations are practiced in several countries in the region, the results and discussion herein focus on specific cases of the Dendrogene project, which provides the largest body of information Thiamine-diphosphate kinase on model species of different ecological, genetic and commercial interests (Kanashiro et al., 2002a). Concerns and policies
focus on reducing impacts of management for given forestry products, but, as elsewhere, impacts at inter-specific and intra-specific levels are difficult to evaluate. The Dendrogene project aimed to apply scientific knowledge on species composition, reproductive health and genetic diversity to support enabling legislation for sustainable rainforest management in the Brazilian Amazon. The project focused on three fundamental areas: (1) the correct identification of species; (2) the development of reliable models for predicting the long-term impacts of selective logging on tropical tree species; and (3) the application of scenario analysis to guide policy and management decisions. Correct and careful species identification at field inventory level is crucial as mistakes may lead to several negative unintended consequences in product markets and for forest health (e.g., unintentional destruction of unknown species) (Martins-da-Silva et al., 2003).