Although this disorder is highly disabling and prevalent, it remains largely underdiagnosed and undertreated. Diagnosing CM requires a systematic approach that includes these steps: (1) exclude a secondary headache disorder, and (2) diagnose a specific primary headache syndrome based on frequency and duration, for example, short-duration episodic,
long-duration episodic, or long-duration chronic. CM usually develops as a complication of episodic migraine after a period of increasing headache frequency. This migraine transformation is associated with a number of risk factors, some of which cannot be modified, including age and race. Other risk factors for CM are modifiable, such as obesity, Cobimetinib mouse snoring, head injury, stressful life events, and overuse of opioids and barbiturates. However, risk factor modification has not yet been shown to decrease the likelihood of CM onset. According to a cross-sectional Y-27632 price analysis of data from the American Migraine Prevalence and Prevention study published this year in Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, when compared to patients with episodic migraine,
patients with CM were significantly less likely to be employed full-time and almost twice as likely to be occupationally disabled. In addition, patients with CM were nearly twice as likely to have anxiety, chronic pain, or depression. Furthermore, patients with CM had higher cardiovascular and
respiratory risk, were 40% more likely to have heart disease and angina, and were 70% more likely to have a history of stroke. These findings highlight the paramount importance of clinical 上海皓元医药股份有限公司 vigilance, accurate diagnosis, and appropriate, effective management – including treatment or referrals – to improve patient outcomes. “
“To report fulminant cases of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) in the setting of serotonin syndrome. RCVS is characterized by acute onset of severe headaches, with or without neurologic deficit, with evidence of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction. It is often benign, and prognosis is generally considered favorable. In the largest prospective study on RCVS, only 4% of patients were disabled from strokes and there were no fatalities. We report a case series. We report 2 women with history of depression on selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors who presented with thunderclap headache and dizziness, respectively. Through the course of hospitalization, both patients developed rigidity, diaphoresis, fever, tachycardia with labile blood pressures and clonus on examination. Since there was a recent addition/increase in a known serotonergic agent, they met criteria for serotonin syndrome. Cerebrovascular imaging in both patients revealed severe multi-focal vessel narrowing.